Pelvic Pain is a common complaint in women of all ages and there are many causes depending on the frequency of pain and the organ it is associated with. Pelvic pain usually originates from your bowel, bladder, womb (uterus) or ovaries. Sometimes the pain may even come from your bones, muscles, nerves, blood vessels or joints.
1 in 5 Women are affected by Pelvic Pain in Australia.
Pelvic pain is often overlooked and ignored as women with pain don’t talk about it and don’t look any different.
What Symptoms do you Experience with your Pelvic Pain?
A woman may experience pain in a variety of ways including:
- Dysmenorrhoea (painful periods)
- Bladder dysfunction
- Irritable bowel
- Pelvic muscle spasm
- Migrain headaches
- Poor sleep
- Premenstrual symptoms
- Peripheral neuralgias
What are the Types of Gynaecological Pelvic Pain?
Non-cancerous growths in the uterus called fibroids can sometimes cause heavy periods, abdominal swelling and urinary problems. In rare cases, the fibroid outgrows its blood supply which causes pain as it shrinks (degenerates).
Some women experience a sharp pain during ovulation when an egg is released. This pain only lasts a few hours and may be on different sides each month depending on which ovary is releasing the egg.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is an infection of the womb caused by sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia or gonorrhoea. Symptoms include lower abdominal or pelvic pain, a fever, abnormal vaginal bleeding and a vaginal discharge.
Chronic Pelvic Pain
You may be diagnosed with Chronic Pelvic Pain if you have experienced pain for at least 6 months. It is a complex condition as there are many contributing factors ranging from physiological to psychological.
There are many different conditions that can make the area of skin between the legs (the vulva) painful or irritated including vestibulodynia, vulvodynia and clitorodynia. Symptoms are often described as burning, tearing, splitting, stabbing, feeling raw and sometimes itchy or stinging.
If you are not sure what is causing your pelvic pain, you should book an appointment with one of our female gynaecologists who will be able to investigate, diagnose and offer a treatment plan to suit your condition.